Everything you need to know about Mesothelioma causes and treatment
Mesothelioma is caused in Mesotheliama cells and its a type of cancer which is found in pleura or in the lining of heart, lungs and abdomen. This is caused due to over exposure to asbestos. Mesothelioma causes abdominal swelling, nausea, vomiting and bowel obstruction.
Mesothioma is caused when there is exposure to a combination of six minerals called asbestos. Asbestos is mainly used in building materials, floor tiles, ceiling materials etc. Earlier it was also used as a soundproof or fireproof material. This is swallowed or inhaled therefore reaching the lungs and also other persons who may not be directly exposed but may get the disease as the workers may take the fibres to their home thereby endangering the family members. Mesothelioma causes may also include irradiation.
The cause of mesothelioma cancer due to asbestos exposure was first discovered in 1970s. In 2002, United States stopped the manufacture of asbestos.
Types of Mesothelioma Treatment
Mesothelioma is often diagnosed at a later stage. Mesothelioma cancer includes biopsy. Biopsy is done to find out the occurance of the disease and the type of biopsy depends on the organ that is affected. If it is in the abdomen area then fine needles are used to remove the fluid or tissue and is tested. If the chest is affected than Thoracoscope is done which examines the chest cavity and removes the tissue and therefore checks the signs of cancer. Then the treatment is opted depending on the type of cancer.
Surgery : This is another mesothelioma treatment. If the cancer is predicted in the early stage then surgery is done to remove the tumors with an invasive procedure and they may also remove the lung and surrounding tissue. It is followed by radiation therapy.
Pleurodesis : Tetracycline and bleomycin is inserted between the pleura and it inflames the pleura, blocking potential fluid and therefore bringing back together.
Chemotherapy : If the tumor is not surgically removed then chemotherapy is done to shrink them and slow their progress. After which surgery is done, thereby making it easier to remove the tumor.
Radiation therapy : This therapy is a kind of mesothelioma treatment in pleural Mesothioma. It is done to reduce the severity of the symptom. It is also used to prevent metastasis after a biopsy or surgery. Cancer cells sometimes are left behind so chemotherapy and radiation therapy may be done to prevent it from growing.
Mesothelioma is an aggressive type of cancer and it is mostly found out at an advanced stage and therefore making it difficult to treat and palliative therapy may better the life of the patient but if it is found out at an early stage than it may be easily curable.
The end stage of mesothelioma causes blood clots in veins, jaundice, very low sugar level, pleural swelling, etc.