Mesothelioma cancer is a very rare and aggressive form of cancer. It generally develops in the lining of lungs, abdomen and heart. The most difficult part of this cancer is that it has no cure has been discovered yet and the prognosis is very poor. But what is mesothelioma actually remains a confusing topic.
What is mesothelioma cancer ?
Mesothelioma is a kind of cancer which occurs in the thin layer of tissue covering most of the internal organs. Mesothelioma cancer is caused by asbestos. According to a report by Centers of Disease Control, an average of 2,400-2,800 people are affected by mesothelioma cancer each year. Mesothelioma cancer occurs to people who have been exposed to asbestos. Mesothelioma symptoms can take upto 20-50 years to become evident.
The life expectancy of mesothelioma patients are very less as the cure for this disease has not been found yet. When diagnosed with symptoms, the doctors first determine the stage of disease, cell type and location of tumor. These are the factors which determine a patient’s survival. The other factors responsible would be patient’s health, age and if the cancer has spread.
Types of Mesothelioma Cancer
The classification of mesothelioma depends on the location in body where the cancer has formed. Generally it takes place in the lining of organs or spaces inside the body, known as mesothelium. The most common type is pleural mesothelioma, which is caused on inhalation of asbestos fibres. When these asbestos fibres are inhaled or swallow accidentally it becomes trapped in the lining of abdomen(the peritoneum). Pericardial mesothelioma is a very rare case which occurs in the lining around heart cavity, when asbestos fibres get collected in pericardium.
Diagnosing Mesothelioma Cancer Symptoms
The symptoms might appear after 20-50 years from the first exposure. The symptoms can be really confusing as they appear like of any other disease. And the confusion leads to misdiagnosis. It might take weeks or months for doctors to arrive at a certain decision.
Common symptoms of mesothelioma cancer
- Trouble in breathing and chest pain.
- Fluid buildup in certain organs like lungs or abdomen.
- Excessive loss in weight.
Treatment of mesothelioma Cancer
The treatment is very similar to the treatment of other types of cancer. Surgery, chemotherapy and radiation are some of the common treatments. Doctors are experimenting newer treatments with patients who do not respond to conventional techniques.
Mesothelioma Financial Assistance
The cost of mesothelioma cancer is very high. And the question what is mesothelioma still remains a question to certain people. If someone is exposed to asbestos while at job, or at home or somewhere else, the expenses are recovered from the people responsible for exposure.
Legal settlements – Victims can charge money from companies who have produced, made and distributed the asbestos.
Veteran benefits – The soldiers serving in military get benefits and help from Veterans Administration.
Asbestos Trust Fund – The former asbestos companies have created these trust funds so that they could pay for asbestos-related medical expenses.