How low are Mesothelioma survival rates ?
About 55% people suffering from mesothelioma live longer than 6 months, only 35% live longer than 1 year. You will be surprised to know mesothelioma survival rates of 9% people are more than 5 years.
What is survival rates ?
Mesothelioma survival rates indicate the percentage of people who survive for a certain amount of time, after being diagnosed with mesothelioma. For most of the cancers, 5-year survival rate is considered as a standard statistic. But as mesothelioma cancer is very serious, some doctors even consider 1-year as a standard amount for calculating mesothelioma survival rates.
Survival rate and life expectancy are totally different. Life expectancy means the average length of time a patient lives after having mesothelioma. Both of this together gives information about a patient’s prognosis.
Another thing which Mesothelioma survival rates are compared with is mesothelioma mortality rate. Mortality rate is used by health organisations and governmental agencies to calculate the effect of any disease in a particular area.
Mesothelioma survival rates
A latest report shows that the survival rate has increased drastically. A meta-study conducted in 2015 studied 20 years, from 1992-2012. In this study it was noticed that the two main types of mesothelioma, pleural and peritoneal mesothelioma have seen a great improvement in survivorship.
The main reason for this rise in survivorship is the discovery of new forms of treatment, like the hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC).
The survival rate can change drastically depending on various factors. The two main factors are age and gender. Older patients generally have lower than 5 year survival rate. The survival rate of women is more than men.
Other factors which are responsible for affecting mesothelioma survival rates are
Location – It is important to determine in which part of your body the mesothelioma is caused. It can be pleural mesothelioma, peritoneal mesothelioma, or pericardial mesothelioma.
Cell type – Depending on the cells damaged, mesothelioma can be divided into three parts, epithelioid mesothelioma, sarcomatoid mesothelioma, or biphasic mesothelioma.
Stage of disease – A person at a later stage has a low survival rate rather than a person diagnosed at an earlier stage.
Lifestyle factors – Unhealthy lifestyle such as smoking attracts mesothelioma.
Blood count – Excessive level of hemoglobin, platelet and white blood cells can be a cause for mesothelioma.
Overall health – People being overweight aur who have low immune system are prone to mesothelioma.
Improving the survival rate
It is to be noted that the survival rate is calculated as a percentage depending on multiple cases, and not only calculating how long a certain individual will live. It has been seen over the years that in many cases, patients get a chance of long time survival after being diagnosed with mesothelioma, if treated correctly.
If mesothelioma can be detected at an early stage (stage 1 or stage 2), it can be survived for a long time on being treated aggressively, removing the organ that contains cancer cells and tumors. If time passes out and the patient reaches the later stage (stage 3 or stage 4), then the patient might not have the chance of surgery, as the cancer would be spreaded to the lymph nodes. The only possible way out at that time is chemotherapy or radiation therapy treatment.